CentOS 7 安装 Google BBR  

BBR 代表 Bottleneck Bandwidth and Round-trip propagation time,它的拥堵控制采用了不同的方法,考虑了网络实际的数据交付率有多快。根据最近测量的网络交付率和往返时间构建显示模型,最大化近期可用带宽和最小化近期往返延迟。BBR 使用这些数据决定数据发送速率有多快。

Google 已经将 BBR 拥堵算法贡献给了 Linux kernel TCP 协议栈。


Step 1: Upgrade the kernel using the ELRepo RPM repository
In order to use BBR, you need to upgrade the kernel of your CentOS 7 machine to 4.9.0. You can easily get that done using the ELRepo RPM repository.

Before the upgrade, you can take a look at the current kernel:

uname -r
This command should output a string which resembles:

As you see, the current kernel is 3.10.0.

Install the ELRepo repo:

sudo rpm --import https://www.elrepo.org/RPM-GPG-KEY-elrepo.org
sudo rpm -Uvh http://www.elrepo.org/elrepo-release-7.0-2.el7.elrepo.noarch.rpm
Install the 4.9.0 kernel using the ELRepo repo:

sudo yum --enablerepo=elrepo-kernel install kernel-ml -y
Confirm the result:

rpm -qa | grep kernel
If the installation is successful, you should see kernel-ml-4.9.0-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64 among the output list:


Now, you need to enable the 4.9.0 kernel by setting up the default grub2 boot entry.

Show all entries in the grub2 menu:

sudo egrep ^menuentry /etc/grub2.cfg | cut -f 2 -d \'
The result should resemble:

CentOS Linux 7 Rescue a0cbf86a6ef1416a8812657bb4f2b860 (4.9.0-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64)
CentOS Linux (4.9.0-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64) 7 (Core)
CentOS Linux (3.10.0-514.2.2.el7.x86_64) 7 (Core)
CentOS Linux (3.10.0-514.el7.x86_64) 7 (Core)
CentOS Linux (0-rescue-bf94f46c6bd04792a6a42c91bae645f7) 7 (Core)
Since the line count starts at 0 and the 4.9.0 kernel entry is on the first line, set the default boot entry as 0:

sudo grub2-set-default 0
Reboot the system:

sudo shutdown -r now
When the server is back online, log back in and rerun the uname command to confirm that you are using the correct Kernel:

uname -r
You should see the result as below:



Step 2: Enable BBR
In order to enable the BBR algorithm, you need to modify the sysctl configuration as follows:

echo 'net.core.default_qdisc=fq' | sudo tee -a /etc/sysctl.conf
echo 'net.ipv4.tcp_congestion_control=bbr' | sudo tee -a /etc/sysctl.conf
sudo sysctl -p
Now, you can use the following commands to confirm that BBR is enabled:

sudo sysctl net.ipv4.tcp_available_congestion_control
The output should resemble:

net.ipv4.tcp_available_congestion_control = bbr cubic reno
Next, verify with:

sudo sysctl -n net.ipv4.tcp_congestion_control
The output should be:

Finally, check that the kernel module was loaded:

lsmod | grep bbr
The output will be similar to:

tcp_bbr                16384  0

Step 3 (optional): Test the network performance enhancement

In order to test BBR's network performance enhancement, you can create a file in the web server directory for download, and then test the download speed from a web browser on your desktop machine.

sudo yum install httpd -y
sudo systemctl start httpd.service
sudo firewall-cmd --zone=public --permanent --add-service=http
sudo firewall-cmd --reload
cd /var/www/html
sudo dd if=/dev/zero of=500mb.zip bs=1024k count=500
Finally, visit the URL http://[your-server-IP]/500mb.zip from a web browser on your desktop computer, and then evaluate download speed.

That's all. Thank you for reading.




修改时间 2018-10-28

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